(written by Twyla Cluster)
Water Birth Resources
The idea of giving birth underwater was pioneered by Igor Tjarkovsky, a Soviet researcher and swimming instructor, in 1960. He has helped hundreds of women give birth underwater in a tank of warm water.
In 1977 a French obstetrician Michel Odent introduced mothers to a pool of warm water so that they could relax in labor and not feel inhibited; this also helped for pain relief. Some women decided to stay in the pool to give birth, and over the next 5-6 years thousands of women used the pool during labor.
By 1983 hundreds of women had given birth in water. In the 1980s water birth had spread across the world from France to America. By 1987 approx. 3,000 babies had been born underwater. At the garden hospital in London, Dr. Yehudi Gordon stopped giving pethidine to women in labor; warm water has taken its place.
Gentle Birth Choices by Barbara Harper
The Water Birth Book by Janet Balaskas
We Are All Water Babies by Jessica Johnson & Michel Odent
Water Birth: A Midwife’s Perspective by Susanna Napierala
Bring Birth Home
Birthing From Within
Preparing For Birth
Birth Pool in a Box
Blow Up Kid Pools